Most recently, the ever-increasing trend in agriculture has been
towards large-scale, chemical-based farming. Harmful chemical fertilizers,
non-degradable pesticides and herbicides have destroyed the life
of the soil, causing widespread erosion and sterility. Food has
become polluted with the byproducts of these applications, sacrificing
quality to unhealthy growing and processing practices. There is
a continual emphasis on killing predators, insects, weeds, bacteria
- anything and everything that is outside the mono-crop system.
The whole food chain is thus polluted with poisons and killing agents,
and the natural balance of species in the environment is completely
Not only do whole communities become subject to the dangers of
toxic agricultural chemicals, they seep into the food on which they
are applied; and the foods grown for the general public become contaminated
as well. In many places trees have stopped bearing fruit because
the heavy use of pesticides has killed the pollinators – the bees
The most recent introduction of GM seeds and crops (genetically modified, also called GE, genetically engineered), which need to be purchased every year at a high cost, and need to be heavily sprayed with the killer pesticides that the same companies produce, evokes a strong response from health and environment conscious people all over the world.
Organic agriculture dramatically reduces external inputs by refraining from the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, genetically modified organisms and pharmaceuticals. Pests and diseases are controlled with naturally occurring means and substances according to both traditional as well as modern scientific knowledge, increasing both agricultural yields and disease resistance. Organic agriculture adheres to globally accepted principles, which are implemented within local socio-economic, climatic and cultural settings. Agricultural contaminants such as inorganic fertilizers, herbicides and insecticides from conventional agriculture are a major concern all over the world. Eutrophication, the suffocation of aquatic plants and animals due to rapid growth of algae, referred to as "algae blooms", are literally killing lakes, rivers and other bodies of water. Persistent herbicides and insecticides can extend beyond target weeds and insects when introduced into aquatic environments. These chemicals have accumulated up the food chain whereby top predators often consume toxic dosages. Organic agriculture restores the environmental balance and has none of these or other such deleterious effects on the environment.
Through organic agriculture, farmers learn healthy, sustainable
farming practices, and are regaining the wisdom of their agricultural
heritage. Organic agriculture enriches the soil season by season.
It increases the long-term yield, nutrient value and potency of
the crops. It allows for a naturally clean water supply, and provides
overall richness, health and well-being of their families, livestock,
farmlands and communities.